Crater Lake - a lake which formed in the crater of a volcano, or caldera (cavity formed by the failure of the top of the volcano), or the so-called impact crater that is formed on the surface of the Earth by a meteorite or an artificial explosion, provoked chelovekom.Inogda lakes, which form inside the caldera, called the caldera lake. Crater Lake is sometimes referred to as volcanic lakes, and the composition of water in them is often highly acidic, rich volcanic gases, and it is observed an intense greenish precipitate. The lakes are located in sleeping or extinct volcanoes tend to differ in fresh water, and water transparency in these lakes can be absolutely exceptional because of the lack of flow and sediment input.

Today we offer you a selection of photos of the most beautiful crater lakes in the world. The realization that these lakes have appeared thanks to the volcano, only adds to their mystique. Enjoy!

1. Crater Lake Crater, the volcano Mount Mazama - Oregon, USA.

Crater Lake Crater - is the main attraction of the national park "Crater Lake", which is located in Oregon, USA. It is well known for its remarkably intense blue color and clean water. Crater Lake is located in the caldera, where the depth of 1.220 meters. This caldera was formed after the destruction of Mount Mazama volcano. Crater Lake Crater - is the deepest lake in the territory of the United States of America, its depth of 594 meters (1949 feet). Crater Lake is fed exclusively by rainfall, inflows and outflows are not available. Consequently, the Crater is one of the most striking lakes in the world. Kreyter Lake is also known for its huge log under the name "Lake the old man." It is more than a hundred years swims in the lake in an upright position. Because of the low water temperature in Lake beam is well preserved.

2. Crater Lake Kilotoa - Ecuador.

Crater Lake is a water-filled Kilotoa caldera and the westernmost volcano, which is located in the Ecuadorian Andes. Caldera, about three kilometers (two miles) in width was formed by the explosion of the volcano, which occurred about 800 years ago. explosion followed the strongest eruption that caused the appearance of pyroclastic and mud flows that reached the Pacific Ocean. In addition, volcanic ash cloud covered the northern Andes. Caldera has since evolved into a lake depth of 250 meters (820 feet), water which has a greenish color due to dissolved minerals which it contains. The lake is cold, but in some places along the coast hit the keys and warm due to the location where mikrogeyzery fumaroles - cracks in the crater, which are a source of hot gases. Most of the fumaroles located on the eastern slope of the volcano.

3. Crater Lake Albertine Rift Africa.
In a region with very high population density is, however, areas where flora and fauna remain almost pristine. These include the Queen Elizabeth Park, dotted with crater lakes, formed by volcanic explosions. If in the 1920-1960-ies was not accepted by a number of laws, declared that the area is under state protection and is a nature reserve, state the environmentalists of today has ceased to exist is one of the most unusual monuments of nature - the Western Rift.
The Western Rift, also called the Albertine Rift - a rift (formed by the large linear depressions in the earth's crust) valley, framed by a number of the highest mountains in Africa, including the Virunga mountains, hills and ridge Mitumba Rwenzori. This is where the number of lakes in the Rift Valley - Lakes, which include some of the deepest lakes in the world (Lake Tanganyika, the depth of which reaches up to 1470 meters (4800 feet). Much of this area lies within national parks, such as Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Rwenzori National Park National Park Queen Elizabeth in Uganda and Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda. Lake Victoria is part of the rift valley, but in fact lies between its two parts. All African Great Lakes were formed as a result of the rift, and most of these lakes are located within the rift valley.

4. Crater Lake Kelimutu - the island of Flores, Indonesia.

Kelimutu volcano - a place where is the crater lake for three different colors. The water is Tiwu AtaMbupu (Lake elderly), as a rule, has a blue tint. This lake is the westernmost of the three lakes. Two other lakes, Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai (Lake of boys and girls) and Tiwu Ata Polo (Sorcerer, or Enchanted Lake) are separated by a wall of the crater and the water in them, as a rule, green and red, respectively. Kelimutu volcano is of interest to geologists, because the three lakes of different colors are at the top of the same volcano.

5. Crater Lake, Mount Pinatubo - Luzon, Philippines.

The lake is located in the Pinatubo summit crater of Mount Pinatubo, formed after his climatic eruption June 15, 1991. The lake is located near the border provinces of Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales in the Philippines. This is the deepest lake in the country, its depth is 800 meters (2600 feet). Lake Pinatubo is located at a distance of about 90 kilometers (56 miles) north-west of the capital Manila.

6. Occam's crater lake ("Lake of the five colors), Mount Zao - Honshu, Japan.

Mount Zao - a volcano that is located on the border between Yamagata and Miyagi prefectures in Japan. This volcano is complex - it consists of a cluster of stratovolcanoes. This is the most active volcano in the north of Honshu. The eruption of a volcano in the middle of 1720th years the lake was formed Ockham, also known as the "Lake of the five colors." His so-called because the water in the lake changes color depending on the weather. The diameter of the lake is 360 meters (1,200 feet), and its depth reaches 60 meters (200 feet). The lake is one of five colors of the main tourist attractions in the area.

8. Crater lake in the volcano Taal - Luzon, Philippines.

Taal Volcano is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The lake partly fills the caldera of the volcano Taal, which was formed as a result of powerful prehistoric eruptions that occurred between 140 000 and 5380 years BC. View of Taal Lake, which opens with the Tagaytay ridge, is one of the most picturesque and attractive sights in the Philippines. Taal Volcano is located about 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of the capital, the city of Manila.
A large rock, called Vulcan Point, rises above the lake. This is - the bottom piece of the old crater. Now it is surrounded by a lake, which reaches two km (1.2 miles) wide, now known as the Main Crater Lake.
9. Crater Lake Deribo, Jebel Marra - Darfur, Sudan.

The crater of dormant volcano Deribo is at the highest point of Jebel Marra, at an altitude of 3042 meters (9980 feet) in Darfur, western Sudan. Caldera Deribo became the highest point in Sudan, after the independence of Southern Sudan. Its diameter ranges from five to eight kilometers. Inside the crater fills the crater lake. Caldera Deribo was created by the eruption of the volcano Jebel Marra about 3500 years ago. The volcano is currently dormant, not extinct, as hot springs and fumaroles (gas and steam vents) are still present on its slopes.

10. Crater Lake, Mount Ruapehu - New Zealand.

Ruapehu - an active stratovolcano located in the southern part of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand. It is located approximately 23 kilometers northeast of Ohakune and 40 kilometers south-west of the southern shore of Lake Taupo, the Tongariro National Park. On its slopes is the glacier.
Ruapehu is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and the largest active volcano in New Zealand. It is the highest point of the North Island and includes three main peaks: Tahurangi (altitude 2797 meters), Te Heuheu (altitude 2755 meters) and Paretetaytonga (altitude 2751 meters). Deep active crater is between the peaks and filled crater lake between major eruptions.

11. Crater Lake Yak Loum - Ratanakiri, Cambodia.

Yak Loum crater lake is popular with tourists in the province of Ratanakiri in northeast Cambodia. Located about 3 miles (5 kilometers) from the provincial capital, Banlung, it's surprisingly beautiful lake is located at 4000-year-old volcanic crater. Due to the enormous depth of the lake (157 feet or 48 meters), the water is exceptionally clean and clear. Yak Loum Lake is almost perfectly round shape, and reaches 0.45 miles (0.72 kilometers) in diameter. The tall trees and rich, lush tropical forests surrounding the lake are home to exotic birds, including various species of parrots.

12. Kerid crater lake, Iceland.
Kerid - a volcanic lake located in an area Grímsnes in southern Iceland, a popular tourist route known as the Golden Circle, or the Golden Circle. This is one of several crater lakes in the area known as the Western Volcanic Zone of Iceland, which includes the peninsula of Reykjanes and the glacier Langjökull.
Caldera Kerid, as well as other volcanoes in the area, consists of red (not black) volcanic rocks. Caldera reaches a depth of about 55 meters (180 feet) and about 170 meters (560 feet) wide, and across it is 270 meters (890 feet). Kerid Caldera is one of the most recognizable of the three volcanic craters. Her age is about 3000 years. The surrounding landscape is almost over twice. The steep slopes of the crater are covered with stunted vegetation, but one of the more gentle slopes and is covered with moss on it to get up pretty easily. The lake is quite shallow (7-14 meters, depending on rainfall and other factors), but because of the minerals that enter the water from the soil, water it is opaque and strikingly bright, wonderful aquamarine color.

13. Crater Lake Likankabur - Chile.

Likankabur - is characterized by remarkable symmetry of the stratovolcano, located in the southernmost part of the border between Chile and Bolivia. It is located to the south-west of the Laguna Verde in Bolivia. The volcano towers over the area of ​​the Salar de Atacama. The lower two-thirds of the north-eastern slope of the volcano belong to Bolivia, an area of 5400 meters (17,717 feet) to 4360 meters (14,304 feet) from the foot and the remainder (and majority), including a third of the north-eastern slope of the crater, and are to Chile.

Likankabur crater is completely in Chile, just over 1 kilometer (3281 feet) south-west of the international boundary, it reaches about 400 meters (1312 feet) in width. It is a crater lake, whose dimensions are 70 meters (230 feet) by 90 meters (295 feet). Likankabur crater lake covered with ice most of the year. This is one of the highest lakes in the world, and despite the air temperature, which can reach the mark of -30 ° C, are found in the lake plankton animals.

14. Geothermal Viti crater lake - Askya, Iceland.
Askya - is an active stratovolcano located in a remote part of the central highlands of Iceland. The name refers to a complex Askya Calderon, located in the mountains Dyngjufjoll mountains, whose height is up to 1510 meters (4954 feet), the word means askja "Caldera" in Icelandic. The region accessible to tourists for only a few months of the year. Located to the north-east of Vatnajökull ice sheet, this area receives only about 450 mmosadkov year. This area has been used in training astronauts for flights to the moon on the Apollo program.A large lake was formed Eskyuvan the eruption in 1875. Its area sostavlyaet12 km ². Only when the lake was formed, it was warm, but today it is covered by ice for much of the year. Eskyuvan - this is the second deepest lake in Iceland, more than 220 meters deep.
Geothermal lake is located on the north shore Eskyuvana. This lake is about 150 meters in diameter. Its depth is 7 meters. The water in this lake is rich in minerals. the water is opaque and intensely blue color, it comes from a strong smell of sulfur.

15. Heaven Lake, Mount Baekdu - China, North Korea.

Heaven Lake - a crater lake, which is located on the border between China and North Korea. It is located in the caldera, located at the top of the volcanic Mount Baekdu, which is part of the Changbai mountain range. Mountain is located partly in the province of Ryanggang, North Korea, 42,006 ° N 128,057 ° East, and parts of Jilin Province, Northeast China.

Caldera, which is located in the Heavenly Lake, formed as a result of a major eruption in 969 20 years). The lake is situated at an altitude of 2,189.1 meters (7182 feet). The lake covers an area of ​​9.82 km ² (3,79 square miles) from north to south with a length of 4.85 kilometers (3.01 miles) and from east to west, its length - 3.35 kilometers (2.08 miles .) The average depth of the lake is 213 meters (699 feet) and maximum depth of 384 meters (1260 feet). From mid-October to mid-June, the lake is usually covered with ice.


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