Well, not say the same way - a "smart drug addict." Themselves have none of the drugs did not do stupid stupid, and none of the smart - geniuses. Nevertheless, they say, and not without reason that the use of mind-altering substances likely it is people with above average intelligence. While the bulk of the so-called drug addicts account for normal marginals and criminals.

Many scientists and technicians were friends or friends with the now banned for drugs trafficking, as well as creative personalities. The truth about this dangerous - it leads some to believe that the substance can bring their level of talent and thought to heaven, the great progress "smart drug addicts."

1. Sigmund Freud - Cocaine

For Freud, cocaine was not just a personal entertainment, he for many years extolled the drug and its various therapeutic properties of a miracle. Once Sigmund promised his fiancee Martha, that someday write a book about cocaine:

"I take it in very small doses every day, that there was no depression, and for good digestion, with a tremendous success with this."

In 1884, Freud kept his promise and published the article "coca", becoming the world's first author of the strategy of substitution treatment of drug dependence. Great doctor offered to treat cocaine morphine. Nothing good, as the world learned in the 20th century, from such a venture failed, but the method of substitution therapy and is now practiced with other combinations of drugs, and delusions.

2. Francis Crick - LSD

British molecular biologist Francis Crick, who died in 2004, is famous for the fact that formulated the basic dogma of molecular biology:

"Information is transferred from the nucleic acid to protein, but not in the opposite direction."

In the years when Creek colleagues Watson and Franklin engaged in deciphering the structure of DNA, a scientist often told many friends and colleagues about their experiences taking LSD.
And indeed, after the death of Crick emerged facts about the popularity of LSD in those days (early 1960s) among scholars of Cambridge. University researchers to seriously take small doses of LSD to "think better" at work. That's Creek, as it turns out, discovered the double helix of DNA, while under other word of three letters.

3. Thomas Edison - the elixir of coca

In 1863, French chemist and pharmacist Angelo Mariani invented «Vin Mariani», Bordeaux wine infused with coca leaves. Alcohol contained in wine, was sufficient to extract cocaine from the leaves. In one fluid ounce of wine-flavored contained 7 mg of the drug. Thomas Edison - the famous American inventor and well-known lover of no sleep - was one of many who fell in love with the new French drink.

In addition to Edison in his great time, "Mariani Wine" regularly used U.S. President McKinley, Queen Victoria of England, and Pope Leo the Thirteenth. Dad even a French pharmacist medal hung on his chest.
4. Pal Erdos - Amphetamines

The wandering mathematician Pal Erdos, who was born in Budapest, died in Warsaw, started a great way to science as early as preschool age, learning to multiply on the dispute in the mind of four-digit number.

Later in life science and private Erdos was famous for his hyperactivity. To old age, he followed the habit of working 19 hours a day. Traveling from a colleague to colleague, mathematician stopped for a few days away, in exchange for shelter and cooking a meal with the owner of several joint research papers.
The secret to productivity of the prolific author of mathematical paper, in recognition of the Pal Erdos is the use of amphetamines. In 1979, a scientist with a colleague bet $ 500 that month will be able to live without stimulants. Erdos no hint of failure won the bet, but caught a break-up, which was the fact that the 30 days he was unable to give birth to a single mathematical ideas.
Do you think an intelligent person of Hitler? No one knows what would have happened if Hitler was around in 1942 did not become a drug addict amphetamine and undermined not only the psyche, but also physical health. Leaning to the drug, all the thinkers of risk to remain in the blissful realm of psychedelia for good, but not more than everyone else at risk. The advantage of thinkers here is that they manage to create something for life, and unthinking - no.
5. Steve Jobs - LSD
Lysergic acid, Steve Jobs loved the deceased. The very fact admitted that experimentation with LSD was "one of the two or three most important things" in his life. What's more, Jobs believed that his men do not always understand, because you never tried psychedelics.

6. Bill Gates - LSD

Do not listen to Steve Jobs, Bill Gates has since been in the same way as he is familiar with the acid. However, this too did not apply.

In 1994, the question of "Playboy" about whether to accept inventor "is windows" of LSD ever, Gates replied evasively that stormy times in his young life has already passed. That is what he was doing up to 25 years old, he probably does not do in the 1990s.
One of the stories about Bill and acid states that once Gates on LSD stared at the table and it seemed to him that one of the corners of the table ready to dig into his eyes. But even after such a stunning experience, Bill has never been late for work.

7. John Lilly - LSD, ketamine

Neurobiologist John Cunningham Lilly was the first who invented the electronic stimulation of the brain. The first who knew how and where in the brain arise feelings of pain and pleasure. By studying the behavior of dolphins and whales, he tried to teach them the artificial language, which would become a mediator in the communication between humans and cetaceans.

Under acid and ketamine neuroscientist John Lilly seemed as if he found a common language with other mammals. Lived insatiable lover of psychedelic colorful life and died at the age of 86 years in Hawaii.

8. Richard Feynman - LSD, marijuana, ketamine

An outstanding American physicist Feynman has always been cautious in its dealings with drugs, because they believed that they are capable of damaging his brain. For example, he gave up alcohol when he found himself at the first signs of dependence. Richard Feynman, one of the inventors of quantum electrodynamics, he wrote:

"You see, I get so much pleasure from the thought that not going to completely destroy a nice car, my head. That's why I decided to stop experimenting with LSD, although curiosity about hallucinations. "

Curiosity brought a theoretical physicist educational benefits when Feynman met with none other than John Lilly. Richard sensory deprivation chamber are interested in and he decided to work out what he likes them thinking. While meditating in the dark hollow emptiness, a Nobel laureate of 1965 Feynman tried to strengthen the capacity for thinking, taking it ketamine, then marijuana, then LSD.

9. Cary Mullis - and again award, and again ... because of the LSD

Who the hell is that Cary Mullis? - You ask. The answer is simple and complicated at the same time. If you had to work in the biochemical laboratories of the 1980s, you probably ever perform polymerase chain reaction in which a single DNA segment turns into millions of identical copies. And today, this reaction all over the world applied for the so-called "Genetic fingerprint" of paternity and the development of artificial proteins by gene cloning.

So, in the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to Dr. Cary Mullis of the United States is technologically feasible for the development of polymerase chain reaction, which was a theorist of Norwegian. In fact, Mullis in the mid-1980s, a revolution in biochemistry.
Secret mullisova breakthrough is the same as that voobrazhulnichestva Jobs - is LSD. In September 1994, in the next post-Nobel interview with "Caroline Mantle," Mullis told that before the grand opening, he took excessive dose of a hallucinogen. Opening the properties of the drug per biochemist gave more reasonable, good and eternal than the University, and doctorate. In response to the same correspondent on the BBC a tricky question, "Invented would you reaction if it were not for LSD?" Cary Mullis replied simply: "I ​​do not know, I doubt that would be invented." In addition, the winner is known to colleagues, even in the 1970s, chemist, was fond of the design and synthesis of the experimental series of amphetamine stimulants, koi today would be called "designer drugs".
Dr. Mullis is alive and well today. He loves surfing, and sometimes does the writing books on mystical subjects.

10. Carl Sagan - Marijuana

The outstanding popularizer of science, an astrophysicist, a seeker of extraterrestrial intelligence, Carl Sagan not only regularly nakurivalsya marijuana, but honestly defended the "honor" overly demonized drug. However, not so publicly, many "smart drug" from our list of unusual - Sagan on television about his affection is not ruffled, knowing the vulnerability of the audience.

As early as 1971 in his book "Marijuana: another view" under the pseudonym "Mr. X" fan favorite, and the cosmos Carl Sagan wrote an article about the cognitive effects of smoking cannabis. Article fiercely debated in academic circles and civil - in fact 1971 was a watershed in the global drug policy, and talk about the benefits and harms of marijuana were not only ignorant, dense.
The fact that the mysterious essayist and advocate marijuana Sagan was a great, white light is found only after the death of professor in 1996 of pneumonia, in any way with smoking drugs is not related.

Bonus: Andrew Weil - from chocolate to morphine

Dr. Andrew Weil, who this year celebrate 70 years - is probably the most well-known naturopath in the world, which is considered unrivaled expert on medicinal plants, mind and body collisions and alternative medicine in general. The bearded stocky Weil - author of eight books of fashion, one of which is called "From Chocolate to Morphine."

The title of his book of personal experience must naturopath, who openly admits that tried every possible substance. Weil believes that psychotropic cannabis, Coke, cat, and sleep-inducing poppies - the plants that fall under the ban unfairly, that the age-old tradition of folk medicine should not wipe feet officials and politicians who do not try harder alcohol and do not want to be filled in the gaps in other
Andrew Weil also argues that the state of altered consciousness man is vital that there is good and bad drugs, there are only good or bad relations with human beings.


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