In many parts of the world seen home-cave. They are used as places of recreation, places for prayer. Still found the cave-house in the northern part of China, which provide shelter for more than 40 million people.

Guyadzhou, China

Located approximately 57 miles (92 km) from Beijing, it is an ancient house, a cave, known as Guyadzhu. People do not know anything about its origin, since there is no mention in historical sources. The cave was carved into the steep cliff, which covers the City Zangshaning. This is one of the largest caves in China, it made ​​more than 110 stone rooms, which give shelter to many people.

Matmata, Tunisia

Another exciting cave house - Matmata, or Metmata, which is located in a small town south of Tunisia. These buildings are made in the form of a large swarm. Artificial caves built around a hollow space. These caves are used as a room, and some homes include pits, which are connected with each other passages, like the trenches.

Bamiyan, Afghanistan

Bamiyan (also in the Persian language can be pronounced as the Bamiyan) is situated at an altitude of approximately 9200 ft (2800 m), with a population of approximately 61,863 people. It is the largest town in Hazarajat, central Afghanistan, as the capital of the territory of Bamiyan. It is located 240 kilometers north-west of Kabul, the capital of the country. The word "Bamiyan" is derived from the Sanskrit word «varmayana», which means "colored." It was built in the ancient Hindu Buddhist monastery. According to the city of Bamiyan can see many statues of Buddha carved on the cliffs. In 2008, in Bamiyan oil was found.

Sassi di Matera

Sassi was built in prehistoric times and is probably one of the first settlements in Italy. It is located in the old town of Matera. Many of these "buildings", in fact, simply cave, and the streets in some parts of the Sassi are located on the roofs of other buildings. The prehistoric city grew on the slope of the gorge created by the river, which has now become very small. In the 1950s the Italian government attempted to relocate most of the inhabitants of modern cities in the Sassi. However, people resisted and defended their right to live in the Sassi, like their ancestors.

Mount Verde, United States

Verde National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located in Montezuma County, Colorado, and was formed in 1906 to protect some of the finest accommodation on the cliff in the world. The park occupies 81.4 square miles (211 square kilometers) and its visitors can see numerous remains of houses and villages built by indigenous people. By the end of the 12th century, they began to build houses on the cliff, which is now known as Mount Verde. These "first people" used to live in communities, grouped in small villages, usually on the tops of mountains selyas, but sometimes on ledges of cliffs.

Bandiagara Escarpment, Mali

Sandstone cliff nearly 500 feet above the lower planes of sand from the south. Its length is 500 meters. The area is inhabited by a steep slope Dogon people today. Before them there were Thelema and Tolo. Some buildings still remain from the Thelema.

In 1989, Bandiagara Escarpment was added to UNESCO World Heritage List. Extending to the mountain range Grandamiya, a chain of sandstone cliffs of Bandiagara stretches from south to north-east for more than 200 km. Hombori Tondo, Mali's highest peak height of 1115 meters - the end of the mountain. The entire region - one of the most stunning locations in West Africa because of its archaeological, ethnological and ecological features.

Vardziyaa, Georgia

City of Caves Vardzia - a monastery, excavated in the mountain area in southern Georgia Erusheli near the village of Aspindza on the left bank of the river Mtkivari. It was founded by Queen Tamar in 1185. The monastery was built to guard the territory against the Mongols. It's been thirteen buildings, which were over six thousand apartments. Besides the monastery included a church, throne room and terraced farmland. The only entrance was well hidden hole near the river Mtkivari.

Earthquake in Samtkhe destroyed about two-thirds of the city in 1283, showing the cave to the outside world and exposing land of danger. During the reign of Beka Zhakeli in the thirteenth century, the church restored and built her a beautiful bell tower. In 1551 the Persians commanded by Shah Tehmespa raided the church.

Kandovan, Iran

One of the most mysterious villages of 13th century Kandovan, located in the eastern Iranian province of Azerbaijan. Makes it unique is that many of its houses were made in the caves in the form of a cone, which naturally formed a tight formation of volcanic ash. Therefore, the village landscape is very similar to a giant colony of termites. Features of the structure allowed to maintain a liveable temperature in winter and summer.

Ortahisar, Turkey

This house was built for defense. Citadel Ortahisar located 6 km from Urgup, on his way to Nevsegir. The settlements were grouped around the borders of the citadel, which is why we find there are many constructions and plantations. There were grown apples, potatoes, oranges and lemons imported from the Mediterranean.

Uchisar, Turkey

The final and most exceptional stone cave - Uchisar, which is located at the highest point of 7 km from Nevsegira. Previously, it was one of the most popular places, but natural disasters are not allowed residents to stay here a long time and they had to move.


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