Taxi without cash receipt, non-market transaction, the Dutch marijuana, bullfights, old planes and other features that go into the past ...

So, 25 things, plus pictures solely for illustrative purposes.

Call for a 7-digit number of Moscow
On the first working day of 2012, that is, from January 10, without a set of eight and one of the three codes - 495, 498 or 499 - you can not call to any phone from Moscow. All rooms in the capital will be ten-and will look like this: 8 - (495/498/499) - XXX-XX-XX. Up to this point, the owners of 495 rooms with privileged code to call each other without the code.
Emergency numbers and information services will not change: they still can call 01, 02, 03, 04, 09 and 009.

Call the police policeman

The law "On Police", which came into force on 1 March 2011, provides that the first day of next year the police finally ceases to exist - even in the form of inscriptions on the machines and the departments of Interior, on the clothing of staff and in official documents. Accordingly, the employees themselves will be from January 1, known only by the police. Incidentally, the Russian police on the same date in the form of disguise, which was developed in 2007, but is introduced only now, after the Ministry of Internal Affairs has asked its designers a little "usin '. So in 2012, with Russian street police gray disappear, and appear blue police.

Buy fishing net

The fact that from 1 January sale "netting gear" will be permitted only by individuals and legal persons who obtained a permit, and prohibited "Physics", a month before the "X hours" reported by many online retailers of fishing tackle. Warning was accompanied by information that is so strict rules put into effect a law "On the recreational fisheries," lying on the signature of the president, Dmitry Medvedev. In the list of bills approved by the Duma, such a law, however, no, but the ban may be imposed by government decree - as was the prohibition of nylon fishing nets.

Free to call at the stop line at traffic lights

With the advent of 2012 will apply new penalties for many traffic violations. New rules there is little, but significantly increased the amount that will pay for derogations. Seriously now be punished for failing to stop the SDA claim before the stop line at red light. Travel to the line on January 1, will cost 800 rubles. Prior to that, the penalty for such violation will be charged.

Since January 1, will increase fines for running a red light (from 700 to 1,000 rubles) and a trip to the crossroads at which congestion (from 100 to 1000 rubles). But the fine and remove the driver's room because of unclimbed it will be possible only if it is a taxi, a minibus with the number of seats more than 8 or vehicle adapted for the carriage of dangerous goods. The rest will be fined for the lack of CTP insurance policy - that is without inspection would be impossible to get.

View bullfight in Catalonia

Catalonia was the first region of Spain, where bullfighting will be banned. Such a decision the local parliament passed in July 2010. After the ban bullfighting will be closed and the famous arena, "Monumental" in Barcelona, which took place September 25 last bullfight, which killed six animals. Cheap tickets for this view have been bought for a few minutes and then resold to the margin of 600%, and the end of the show was marked by a short but fierce fight fans of bullfighting with animal welfare advocates. Likely to follow the example of Catalonia, with time and other Spanish provinces, according to opinion polls, for the preservation of bullfighting advocates only one-third of the population - against half

Ride in a taxi without a sales receipt

Nobody obliges a passenger to take a check from a taxi driver, when the trip came to an end. But in the presentation of the check will be interested in taxi drivers themselves: such forgetfulness, the client will cause a move in store for them with a fine of 1,000 rubles. With the officials for a violation committed by their subordinates and take 10 times longer, and with legal persons (taxis) - 30 times more.

New requirement - one of many that makes the work of taxi Federal Law № 69, became known informally as the "Law of the taxi." Since September, the year he made a compulsory licensing of taxis, "shashechki" on the machine and a special light orange color, and from January to come - the issuance of checks and submission of permit to carry passengers.

Free to redirect customers to your site on Google Maps

Owners of sites that use maps Google, there are not a lot of time to prepare for the introduction of fees for too many requests of their customers to this service. Since January 1, BBC, with reference to the company itself, will be introduced to pay too active users Google Maps. The developers, whose products have access to the service over 25 000 times during the day, will have to pay $ 4 for every next thousand hits during those days. The administration of Google believe that innovation does not affect one per cent user base, but experts warn that the novelty may be critical for some start-ups and nonprofit projects.

Cigarette smoke in the Finnish hotel

On the first day of the year in Australia comes into force a ban on seal brands on cigarette packs. From now on, manufacturers are required to packaged products in the same pack of olive without specifying brands, but with an inscription about harm of smoking. Tobacco companies have already expressed their willingness to sue, because they believe that the new law, first of all, do not allow them to compete with each other, and secondly, creates ideal conditions for the wide release of fakes.

In general, the number of "smoking" bans come into force is January 1, 2012, perhaps more than any other. In particular, from this day will not be able to smoke at the famous stadium Camp Nou, in Barcelona, ​​in the cabins on board the cruise ship Norwegian Cruise Line and in hotel rooms in Finland, where the same ban and put cigarette packs in the shop windows.

Conduct a non-market deal and save on taxes

On January 1, 2012 shall come into force on the Federal Law of 18.07.2011 № 227-FZ, which introduces the concept of "controlled transactions", they are also transactions between related parties. For some transactions aimed at reducing the tax burden, as we know, were punished in the past. But the new law greatly expands the list of grounds for the recognition of those interdependent. Thus, interdependent recognized organization, if one of them directly or indirectly involved in another organization with a share of over 25%, organizations, the head of which is the same person, etc. The law also defines the methods used to verify that the market price . Will be the responsibility of the taxpayer for the use of prices that deviate from the market. If underpayment of tax in the budget from the use of non-market prices taxpayer to pay the fine 40% of the unpaid tax, but not less than 30 000. True, the introduction of penalties delayed until 2017.

Use the "opaque" scheme when choosing a provider

The law "On procurement of goods, works and services of certain kinds of legal entities" (from 18.07.2011 № 223-FZ), regulating the purchase of companies with state participation shall enter into force on 1 January 2012. Since then, companies will have on your site without fail to place their procurement concept (not yet entirely clear what it is, the law is stingy on the definition), and information about buying, and then hold a public auction. In principle (if the law is fully working) that should make life difficult for monopolists and "pocket" to firms and to help independent software vendors.

Doctor visit for a party pharmaceutical company and get a gift

A ban on such visits is introduced by the law "On the basis of health protection in the Russian Federation", which President Dmitry Medvedev signed the November 22, 2011. Rigid rule is provided by Article 74 of the new law and intended by the vendor intended, to nullify an informal relationship between doctors and pharmaceutical companies, which resulted in becoming the destination of some specific, usually expensive, drugs, and not their counterparts. In the same article is registered and you want to receive a doctor of medical representatives of pharmaceutical companies in working time and in the workplace, to receive gifts from them, and similar restrictions.

Get the Sri Lankan visa without filing an online application

Commotion caused in early October, the information on the introduction on 1 January for the Russian visa fees for Sri Lanka, now is a little verse. Charge a fee for obtaining a visa, Sri Lanka now promises only from April 1, 2012 (the latest information, it will cost $ 20). Instead, submit an electronic application for a visa will have from the first day of the year. To put it as long as they remain in the airport of Colombo. To obtain a visa, you will need to carry cash or voucher hotel in an amount not less than $ 15 for each day of stay, as well as evidence obtained in response to e-filing of the application.

Ride on the old buses on the Kuban

After the New Year in Krasnodar carriers will not be able to withdraw to the line of buses older than 15 years. All-Russian ban on the operation of buses is too worn to be introduced as early as this year, but the document was never adopted. Despite the fact that at least a quarter of machines across the country on a daily basis transporting passengers to cities and between them, have long exceeded the dangerous age boundary. Most likely, the Krasnodar Territory will become a kind of proving ground for testing ban, which later spread throughout Russia.

Buy tickets for the examination of drivers with the correct answers in England

The habit of future British drivers simply memorize the correct answers to the questions the test examination, rather than to teach and understand the rules, fill up the cup of the Ministry of Transport of Great Britain. Therefore, from 1 January to buy a brochure with a list of questions and correct answers will be impossible. Publishers, which produced such books, denied access to exam questions in September 2011, and the questions themselves have changed, so that future drivers will not use the old brochures. Since October, was banned publication of examination of routes that students can not learn and advance and work out to automatism behavior on a short piece of road.

Playing in a casino in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz parliament September 29 in three readings passed a law prohibiting from 1 January 2012, the activities of gambling establishments in the country. According to official figures, there are 21 casinos and 3,000 slot halls. Despite the fact that annual gambling brings in Kyrgyz treasury at least $ 9 million, parliamentarians supported the president, who has decided to declare war on casinos and slot machines. In Russia, anti-gambling began with the creation of special gambling zones (however, on signing the relevant documents it has not moved). Kyrgyzstan came easier - even forbade this kind of business. There have been several protests, which, however, nor to no avail.

Take the bus and minibus without GLONASS

Equip all of its passenger transport satellite navigation system GLONASS or GLONASS / GPS carrier is obliged to the government decree, issued September 30, 2011. Released in compliance with this requirement period was very short: just three months.

Such equipment is mandatory with the advent of the new year, but the carriers have an additional six months, during which he threatened in which case only a fine (2,500 rubles with a driver and 30 000 with a legal entity). On July 1, 2012 will be tougher requirements: no navigation system will be considered as a gross violation of license terms - with all the attendant. Prices start from navigation equipment 20 000 rubles per set.

Old planes to fly in "An", "Tu" and "Yak"

After the twelfth stroke of hours any of the old Soviet passenger aircraft - AN-2 Antonov An-24 Antonov An-26 Antonov An-28, Yak-40 and Tu-134 - of which at least two-thirds of the park consists of regional transportation, not able to rise into the air, if it is not equipped with a warning on the approximation of the collision with the ground and in the air. The requirement for such additional equipment was made back in 2009, but in early December, only a few "sides" to show off new clothes, for example, only six Tu-134 from operating in Russia 90 had the necessary equipment. This wine is not only the owners who want to save (if the residual value of the aircraft about $ 200,000 to improve equipment worth at least as much), but also companies involved in retooling: they simply do not have time to cope with the huge volume of orders.

To offer a draw in chess game to the 40th of the

On January 1, 2012 will come into force a ban on the offer of a draw before the 40th move. This decision was adopted by the European Chess Union in early November. However, for the Russian chess is not such news usually start work on most domestic tournaments already this year. Now it will be extended to all competitions, the selection to the Cup and World Championship was held by the same rules.

Fully enjoy television reality show in China

After the New Year in China comes into force banning the display of advertisements during the demonstration programs are 45 minutes or more. The report of the State Administration for Radio, Film and Television said that because radio and television are the mouthpiece of the Party and people, namely the means of promoting cultural thought, non-commercial interests and expectations of society.

This is not the only TV innovation in China, which takes effect Jan. 1. Another initiative of the CPC - the restriction of entertainment programs. Since 2012, each channel has the right to show only two reality shows a week, and the total duration of entertainment in the evening prime time should not exceed 90 minutes.

Arm yourself with a 75-watt incandescent light bulbs in Mexico

Mexico is hardly a country which is at the forefront of traditional incandescent bulbs: our decisive "no" country in the face of President Felipe Calderon told them only at the end of 2010. But the Mexican government quickly takes the lead on the implementation of speed restrictions: the complete replacement of the bulbs given to only two years. In 2011 the country banned the 100-watt, from January 1, 2012 - 75-watt, and from January 1, 2014-th - all the rest.

Play golf on the old rules

Golfers who take to the field on the first day of the year, will have to remember that just 8 points of the rules by which they were guided in the past three years have been changed. The new rules are enacted R & A and the United States Golf Association (USGA), will also operate for three years - from 2012 to 2015-th, and then likely undergo another correction. True, the current changes can not be called serious. For example, clarification, amendment to paragraph 1-2, concerns the separation of violations of paragraph 2.13 - if the player is somehow trying to work on his ball, already posted in the pocket, these actions may be limited to any one point or another, but does not both at once.

Ride a motorcycle with a two-stroke engine in Bogota

The Colombian capital back in 2009 banned the registration of new motorcycles with two-stroke engines - a means of transportation, very popular in South America. Now the ban will be extended to their operation. His decision to explain the power of Bogota struggle for ecology: two-stroke engines are much "dirtier" four-and crack louder. The ban has angered many residents of Bogota and its suburbs, especially those involved in servicing clients scattered around the city. Two-stroke motorcycle engines are forbidden in most European countries, as well as China, India, Nigeria and Tanzania.

Release the child to the Californian sun deck

California - the first of American states, which introduces a ban on the use of a solarium for children and adolescents under 18 years of age. Until now "artificially tan" allowed teens to 14 years, and only with parental permission. The initiator of the new law, which caused great dissatisfaction of owners of solariums (visitors under 18 years ranged from 5% to 10% of their clients), Senator Ted Liu said that sought to protect young people from the deadly doses of radiation. And Gov. Jerry Brown said the new law - only the first of a series of measures designed to improve the health of Californians.

Ask a plastic bag in a store in San Jose

A year ago the government's third-largest city in California (950 000 inhabitants) decided to ban supermarkets, grocery stores, pharmacies and kiosks give customers for packing goods, plastic bags. Instead, on 1 January in the course will go bags made ​​of paper or any other biodegradable material. Restaurants and municipal second-hand use of plastic bags as long as allowed, but no one in no doubt that over time, innovation will affect them as well.

Every year the world produces between 0.5 to 1 trillion plastic bags. Their average life - about 20 minutes and the average period of existence - about 400 years.

Visit coffee shop in the south of Holland

Despite the dire predictions of some Dutch parliamentarians, predicts the death of tourism if visitors visit the country to ban coffeeshops, new restrictive measures still come into effect from 1 January 2012. During the year the law will apply only in three provinces - Limburg, North Brabant and Zeeland, which are very popular among tourists looking for legitimate opportunities to expand consciousness. After that, the guests of the country will be at the disposal of a year to get used to the idea that the Netherlands as a place where you can legally smoke marijuana, lost, from January 1, 2013 visit coffee shops will be banned from the tourists across the country. Then all the coffeeshops will become private clubs limited to 2,000 the number of members, and membership cards will be able to get only Dutch residents aged over 18. Will be reduced and the number of such clubs: the whole country are left only 670, whereas now only works in Amsterdam coffee shops 220.


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